Melrose Caverns 2022_065-HDR.jpg

Melrose History

- CAVERNS & THE CIVIL WAR -

Our History

Melrose Caverns lies on the John Harrison, Sr. homestead, a small part of a pre-revolutionary land grant to the Harrison family.  John, a brother of Thomas Harrison, the founder of Harrisonburg, discovered the Caverns in 1818.
 
In April 1862, Union forces under the command of General Nathaniel P. Banks marched south from New Market along the Valley Pike to reinforce advance units already occupying Harrisonburg.  Elements of Banks's army paused, and pitched command tents under blossoming pear trees next to the present day service station by the Valley Pike.

20140918113428+copy.webp

General Banks himself may have occupied the tents, as his dispatches indicated that by then he had arrived in the vicinity of Harrisonburg.  The troops soon discovered the entrance to the Caverns and proceeded to explore the underground chambers with torches.  With a regimental band playing music in the echoing grottoes, soldiers from Ohio regiments fired muskets and handguns at some of the columns and carved their names and dates, along with a Union shield and bust of President Lincoln, on various underground formations.

At other times during the conflict, Confederate soldiers from Maryland, Virginia and North Carolina also recorded their presence on the Caverns walls.

Due to the lack of weather underground, the ballistic impacts and other markings have remained visible and vibrant.
 
John Harrison's direct descendants presently own the property.  The surrounding farm is one of the few remaining farms that have been owned by the same family since 1748.

Caverns Timeline

1929 - 1967

1967 - 1973

1973 - 2010

2012 - 2015

2019 - 2020

2021 - 2022

Opened as Virginia Caverns by Endless Caverns. Endless Caverns erected the lodge and filling station and opened the Caverns to the public. The name was changed from Virginia Caverns to Blue Grottoes and finally Melrose Caverns. On March 31 1967 Melrose Caverns closed due to lack of business after the completion of interstate 81. This closing was also at the height of the Vietnam War.

The Caverns Lodge operated as a theatre operated by James Madison University (then Madison College) students

The Caverns Lodge operated as a local party venue for college students.

The Caverns Lodge reopened for events. The Virginia Region of the National Speleological Society (VAR) came to the Caverns for clean up, mapping, and the installation of the protective barriers. In this process they removed trash, old wiring and other detritus from and around the Caverns. The Lodge went under renovations for modernization.

Cave renovation was completed and prepared to reopen for cave tours. Caverns opened for tours by reservation due to COVID 19.

Online tickets were sold for caverns tours. Gift shop and cave opened for tours

Z71_3123-HDR.jpg

Melrose Caverns

CIVIL WAR MUSEUM

As war raged in the Shenandoah Valley, Union troops were looking for opportunities to secure their munitions. They found the perfect spot beneath farmland outside of Harrisonburg Virginia.

 

​Melrose Caverns offered a secure place to store rifles, ammunition and supplies. 40 feet below ground, the caverns were invisible to their adversaries, and provided a consistent temperature of 55°F.

Troops carved stairs in to the cavern walls which allowed them to store and retrieve their supplies as well as provide access for as many as 150 troops that occupied the caverns.

Z71_3129-HDR.jpg
sign.webp

In 1929, Colonel Edward Brown, the developer of Endless Caverns near New Market, seeking to capitalize on the natural beauty and historical significance of the Caverns, leased it from Francis Moore Harrison and her husband, Thomas Moore Harrison, and proceeded to construct the Lodge, service station and connecting bridge.

The Caverns, along with a Civil War museum in the Lodge, opened as a commercial tourist attraction in 1932, initially under the name "Blue Grottoes, the Civil War Caverns".  A short time later, the name was changed, apparently for commercial reasons, to "Virginia Caverns."  Owners of other commercial caverns in the Shenandoah Valley objected to this designation, perhaps on the basis that assigning the Commonwealth's name to the attraction would designate it as having an erroneous semi-official significance.  Colonel Brown eventually renamed the attraction "Melrose Caverns".

The commercial success of the Caverns was linked to the rising popularity of automobile tourism in the mid-20th century.  Route 11 was regarded as an important link in the “Lee Transcontinental Highway” (the current Lee Highway signs in Virginia having originated to signify the transcontinental route) connecting Washington with San Diego.  As Route 11, along with other connecting national highways, received improvements, and the Skyline Drive opened in Shenandoah National Park, the Caverns gained prominence among the other numerous tourist attractions and small motels that made the Shenandoah Valley an attractive leisure destination for the motoring public.

By 1966, however, patterns were changing.  The last link of Interstate 81 near Harrisonburg would soon open, diverting traffic away from the entrance to the Caverns on Route 11.  Endless Caverns made the decision to cease operations at Melrose and return use of the property to the Harrisons.  Not long afterwards, the service station was closed.​​​

image-asset.webp

Brochure from Blue Grottoes (later named Melrose Caverns) circa 1930.

Today, the property is owned by Melrose Caverns, Inc. whose sole shareholders are the sons of Elizabeth Harrison Yancey, the only daughter of the prior owner, Francis Moore Harrison.  Melrose has been placed on the Virginia Landmarks Register and the National Register of Historic Places.  We hope you make this unique venue the site for your special celebration.

ships.webp
Z71_3104-HDR.jpg

Civil War Cavern Tours

Book A Tour Today

Book a tour to learn more about the caves and travel through preserved history.